The ABCs of CBDs

Basic Hemp Definitions

  • Industrial Hemp belongs to the Cannabis genus

  • Industrial hemp will NOT make people high

  • Industrial hemp contains oils with many cannabinoids and terpenes. The main cannabinoid is CBD, also called cannabidiol

  • Full Spectrum Hemp oil contains many cannabinoids (including CBD and THC) and terpenes specific for that hemp plant species and is usually derived from the buds or flower

  • CBD oil may not necessarily be full spectrum. In many cases CBD oil is made from CBD isolate added to a carrier oil such as coconut, olive, or hemp seed oil. If a product contains other cannabinoids and terpenes but no THC, then it is considered broad spectrum, but not full spectrum

  • There are hundreds of Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica species and hybrids, which are classified as industrial hemp based on their THC content of less than 0.3%. Each different plant variety may vary in the types and concentrations of other cannabinoids and terpenes and therefore give a slightly different overall effect.

  • Cannabis sativa varieties tend to be more stimulating while Cannabis indica varieties tend to be more sedating or calming

What is the Entourage Effect?


The entourage effect is the phenomenon produced from the synergistic interaction of the cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, and fatty acids naturally found in the cannabis plant. In other words, it refers to the beneficial (medicinal) effect of all these compounds working together as opposed to just one or two of these compounds working in isolation. The entourage effect is one of the most exciting and controversial findings in recent times with regards to the entire cannabis industry. Proponents claim it increases the efficacy of medical marijuana or hemp, and health practitioners who use cannabis products in their practices agree that the entourage effect is real. 
The cannabis plant contains several hundred different compounds, including about one hundred currently known phytocannabinoids, such as THC and CBD. Other significant compounds found in cannabis plants are terpenoids, flavonoids, and fatty acids. Flavonoids are known to have antiviral, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects, and include catechins (found in green tea) and quercetin (found in many fruits, and vegetables). Terpenes are the aromatic compounds found in all plants, and many have therapeutic effects on the human body, which is the foundation for aromatherapy. Common terpenes are limonene (found in citrus fruits) and linalool (found in lavender).

In most cases, the best CBD oil products are full plant extracts, because people seem to respond better to products which contain multiple cannabinoids as opposed to single cannabinoids in isolation. This observation is in line with how cannabinoids are found in nature as opposed to being produced synthetically. However, isolated CBD has its own useful applications as well. There are cases where it is better if there is NO entourage effect.

There already exists thousands of scientific studies on cannabis in the medical literature. Since industrial hemp has been removed from the controlled substances act, there are now thousands of new and ongoing studies in the U.S. and around the world being conducted on a long list of diseases, ailments, and conditions. In the next several years, this ongoing research will shed more light on natural, whole-plant medicine, which should lead to increased insight into plants such as cannabis, how they interact with the human body, and how they can be harnessed for their optimal healing purposes.

Safety Comparisons


Prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical medications are one of the leading causes of death in the U.S. According to the CDC, NSAID overdoses cause about 15,000 deaths per year, and opioids cause about 50,000 deaths per year. Meanwhile, over five million people are misusing prescription stimulants, and over six million are abusing prescription tranquilizers. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is the leading cause of acute liver failure and a primary cause of end-stage renal disease. In general, for adults, 10,000 to 15,000 milligrams of acetaminophen, or 20 to 30 Extra Strength Tylenol, can cause liver toxicity, while more than 20,000 milligrams (40 tablets) can be fatal.
To date, industrial hemp has not killed one single person, and the scientifically documented lethal dose of industrial hemp is over 500,000 milligrams, or over 20,000 CBD capsules at a strength of 25 mg per capsule.
There is a small number of prescription medications that are somewhat dangerous and can have multiple drug interactions. Pharmaceuticals such as warfarin or valproic acid simply do not play well with other, regardless of how safe the other medications or supplements may be. Always consult a health care professional before taking any medication and before starting CBD oil supplements.



The statements made regarding CBD oil products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of CBD oil products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. CBD oil products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from healthcare practitioners. Please consult your healthcare professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires this notice.

The information provided here is a basic overview of some of the currently available knowledge regarding industrial hemp and CBD products. This is a rapidly changing industry and a continually expanding area of clinical science.